Italian, Still considered by many to be the archetypal ‘romance’ language, the Italian tongue connotes sensuality and emotion. The closest of all modern languages to Ancient Latin, from which most of its vocabulary derives, Italian is a Romance language in every sense of the word, conjuring up images of Roman amphitheatres, bustling trattoria and sun-drenched olive groves. Besides being the main language of 65 million native Italians, it has been estimated that Italian’s international speakers – including immigrant communities in Australia and America – number 85 million in total.
The Italian alphabet naturally follows the Latin, and the basic alphabet is made up of 21 letters—five vowels (A, E, I, O U) and 16 consonants. The Letters J, K, W, X and Y are not part of the alphabet, but used for foreign names and anglicised words. Furthermore the vowels can have the addition of acute, grave and circumflex accents to alter the pronunciation of those letters.