Thai, also known as Siamese is the National Language of Thailand and spoken by 50 million Thais worldwide . The language originates from the Tai–Kadai language family and ultimately Sanskrit. Thai also has a complicated orthography with many dialects from the north, Bangkok to central and more southern dialects and other “Tai” tongues.
Among these are the Standard – namely spoken in Phitsanulok, Ayutthaya, Bangkok and Thonburi. The Bangkok Standard is used in schools and the one taught widely. The more central dialects comprise Suphanburi dialect, Prachuap, Ratchaburi and Khorat dialect. Southern dialects are a lot in number and related tongues some more northern in geography include Lao, Isan and Thai Yuan. Thai script originates from the Khmer script, that itself is a predecessor of the Brahmic script from the Indic/Indian/Hindi alphabet family.
The Thai Alphabet consists of 44 consonants that give rise to various sounds in case of initial and final phonetic arrangements with many syllables and clusters devioced, known as a mātrā or มาตรา. Of the consonant letters, excluding the disused ฃ & ฅ, six – ฉ ผ ฝ ห อ ฮ cannot be used as a final and the other 36 are grouped accordingly. It seems complicated but the spoken word is easy to grasp and learning through vocabulary is a very effective means to pick put the Indic family cluster of languages.